This latest issue was organized around the theme of how architecture impacts collective behavior. Working with co-author Stephen Turban, who was initially introduced to Professor Bernstein by late HBS professor David Garvin, their study yielded surprising findings about the potentially negative impacts of removing spatial boundaries in the workplace. Professor Bernstein took time below to talk about the genesis of this intriguing research and its implications for the office architecture of the future. How did your interest in this research first come about? They were all the rage in the late 20th century, and academic attention in them followed suit. But most of those studies were based on survey data self-reported, by definition and intangible outcome variables like employee satisfaction.

Evolution The Lie

What if the orbit of Darwinism should be a little too circular? What if species should offer residual phenomena, here and there, not explicable by natural selection? Twenty years hence naturalists may be in a position to say whether this is, or is not, the case; but in either event they will owe the author of “The Origin of Species” an immense debt of gratitude And viewed as a whole, we do not believe that, since the publication of Von Baer’s “Researches on Development,” thirty years ago, any work has appeared calculated to exert so large an influence, not only on the future of Biology, but in extending the domination of Science over regions of thought into which she has, as yet, hardly penetrated.

More individuals are produced each generation that can survive.

Darwinian Dating: The Evolution of Human Attraction. Preceptor: Elissa Krakauer Class time: M/W 10, M/W 11 Office: 1 Bow St., Room Location: Barker Center style of analytical writing will be expected of you in future papers across disciplines at Harvard and in academia as a whole. During each unit, we will follow the same general.

Yet in religious or spiritual terms it is the very essence of human nature. Creativity, understood as the ability to utilize everything at hand in nature to transform our living environment and beautify our lives, is what distinguishes human beings from all other creatures. This is one way that human beings are said to be in the image of God: Moreover, all people, regardless of their intellectual level, are co-creators of perhaps the most important thing—their own self.

While God provides each person with a certain endowment and circumstance, it is up to each individual to make what he will of his life by how he or she choses to live it. Definitions of Creativity “Creativity, it has been said, consists largely of re-arranging what we know in order to find out what we do not know.

A useful distinction has been made by Rhodes [2] between the creative person, the creative product, the creative process, and the creative “press” or environment. Each of these factors are usually present in creative activity. This has been elaborated by Johnson, [3] who suggested that creative activity may exhibit several dimensions including sensitivity to problems on the part of the creative agent, originality, ingenuity, unusualness, usefulness, and appropriateness in relation to the creative product, and intellectual leadership on the part of the creative agent.

Boden [4] noted that it is important to distinguish between ideas which are psychologically creative which are novel to the individual mind which had the idea , and those which are historically creative which are novel with respect to the whole of human history. Drawing on ideas from artificial intelligence , she defines psychologically creative ideas as those which cannot be produced by the same set of generative rules as other, familiar ideas.

Often implied in the notion of creativity is a concomitant presence of inspiration, cognitive leaps, or intuitive insight as a part of creative thought and action. Some students of creativity have emphasized an element of chance in the creative process.

SAGE Reference

Carl Sagan was such a person. Among his many other scientific accomplishments, he became legendary for his skill as an educator and science advocate. Sagan communicated not only his knowledge, but also his awe and wonder at the beauty and intricacy of the universe, bringing to his explanations an unrivaled enthusiasm, clarity, and talent for poetic expression.

Yehong Zhu ’18 is a joint philosophy and government concentrator in Mather House. Her writing has been featured on Forbes, Slate, Thought Catalog, Business Insider, The Crimson, The Harvard Independent, and The Harvard Political Review.

Darwin and Wallace proposed that evolution occurs because a heritable trait that increases an individual’s chance of successfully reproducing will become more common, by inheritance, from one generation to the next, and likewise a heritable trait that decreases an individual’s chance of reproducing will become rarer.

In the s, scientists combined Darwinian natural selection with the re-discovered theory of Mendelian heredity to create the modern synthesis , which is the prevailing paradigm of evolutionary theory. Alfred Russel Wallace Evolutionary theory As broadly and commonly defined in the scientific community, the term evolution connotes heritable changes in populations of organisms over time, or changes in the frequencies of alleles over time.

A popular definition along these lines is that offered by Douglas J. Futuyma in Evolutionary Biology: The changes in populations that are considered evolutionary are those that are inheritable via the genetic material from one generation to another. However, there are two very important and popular evolutionary theories that address the pattern and process of evolution: Theory of descent with modification The “theory of descent with modification” is the major kinematic theory that deals with the pattern of evolution—that is, it treats non-causal relations between ancestral and descendant species , orders, phyla, and so forth.

The theory of descent with modification, also called the “theory of common descent,” essentially postulates that all organisms have descended from common ancestors by a continuous process of branching. In other words, narrowly defined, all life evolved from one kind of organism or from a few simple kinds, and each species arose in a single geographic location from another species that preceded it in time. Each group of organisms shares a common ancestor.

In the broadest sense of the terminology, the theory of descent with modification simply states that more recent forms result from modification of earlier forms. One of the major contributions of Charles Darwin was to marshal substantial evidence for the theory of descent with modification, particularly in his book, Origin of Species.

The Scientific Revolution in Evolution

Species Sub-species It should be kept in mind that there is no such thing as a phylum or a family. Those are just convenient names, and are like rooms in a zoo or botanical garden; each one with a different collection of plant or animal species. It is the species which are alive; the room is not. The terms “phyla, classes, orders, families,” and most of the “genera” are merely category labels. It is only the species with some genera included, which should be labeled as species which count, for they only have any real, living existence.

Jan 13,  · In , Robert L. Trivers, a graduate student at Harvard, addressed that first assumption in one of evolutionary psychology’s landmark studies, “Parental Investment and Sexual Selection.

Here are some quotes from Behe’s book “Darwin’s Black Box” that are relevant to my attempt to distinguish small evolution from large evolution and to define the “kernel” of an organism that is tightly constrained. At one of her many public talks, she [Lynn Margulis] asks the molecular biologists in the audience to name a single unambiguous example of the formation of a new species by the accumulation of mutations.

Her challenge goes unmet. University of Georgia geneticist John McDonald notes a conundrum: Those [genes] that are obviously variable within natural populations do not seem to lie at the basis of many major adaptive changes, while those [genes] that seemingly do constitute the foundation of many, if not most, major adaptive changes apparently are not variable within natural poplulations. General Quotes about Evolution Here are some other general quotations about the theory of evolution:


Biological evolution is change in the characteristics of living organisms over generations. Despite your vastly superior tastes in music and fashion, you probably look vaguely like your parents, just as they look vaguely like their parents. For all of recorded history, people have looked more or less the same: Hairdos differed, but the basic body plan stayed the same for as far back as the history books go.

Regardless of how averse you are to arranging letters coherently, Harvard tries to make the pain as minimal as possible by offering tons of courses with specific topics: from Family Matters and Shakespeare to Darwinian Dating and HIV/death.

Expository Writing The membership of this committee has not yet been finalized. Complete membership information for will be posted as soon as it becomes available. Faculty of the Committee on Writing and Speaking For Undergraduates Only Expository Writing 20 fulfills the basic requirement in Expository Writing, a requirement for all undergraduates in their first year of residence. No Expository Writing courses have midterm or final examinations. For additional information on Expository Writing courses, see the Writing Program website: Expository Writing 10 A rigorous, intensive elective that helps students prepare for the demands of college writing.

In small classes, students work closely with instructors on developing and organizing ideas, analyzing sources, and writing clear, engaging essays. Students also meet frequently in individual conferences with instructors to discuss their work. Assignments are based on sources from a range of disciplines and genres. Limited to 10 students per section. Members of the Department Half course fall term.

Harvard University Course Catalog Harvard University Course Catalog and Cross Registration

Potential of abundant, environmentally harmless energy technology , which already exists My strategy for manifesting that energy event for humanity’s and the planet’s benefit. I w as born in In that same year, I had my cultural and mystical awakenings.

Darwinism is a theory of biological evolution developed by the English naturalist Charles Darwin (–) and others, stating that all species of organisms arise and develop through the natural selection of small, inherited variations that increase the individual’s ability to compete, survive, and called Darwinian theory, it originally included the broad concepts of.

He was the grandson of two prominent abolitionists: Erasmus Darwin on his father’s side, and Josiah Wedgwood on his mother’s side. Painting of seven-year-old Charles Darwin in Both families were largely Unitarian , though the Wedgwoods were adopting Anglicanism. Robert Darwin, himself quietly a freethinker , had baby Charles baptised in November in the Anglican St Chad’s Church, Shrewsbury , but Charles and his siblings attended the Unitarian chapel with their mother.

The eight-year-old Charles already had a taste for natural history and collecting when he joined the day school run by its preacher in That July, his mother died. From September , he joined his older brother Erasmus attending the nearby Anglican Shrewsbury School as a boarder. Darwin found lectures dull and surgery distressing, so he neglected his studies.

Steven Pinker & Elizabeth Spelke